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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 19(单词带例句)

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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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absolve

v. to free from guilt, blame, duty, etc. 1. 赫免 2. 免除

 

n. absolution

Twenty years after he was locked in jail for a crime he didn't commit, Jonathan was finally absolved by the court.

在被以莫须有的罪名监禁二十年之后,强纳生终于获得赦免。

Synonym

同义词:1. pardon 2, exempt

Antonym

反义词:1. charge; accuse 2. obligate

aspiration

n. ambition; desire 抱负

Jack's greatest aspiration in life is to become a world-renowned physicist.

杰克这一生中最大的抱负,就是成为世界知名的物理学家。

assimilate

v. 1. to become part of (a group, race, etc.) 同化 2. to absorb 吸收

Many liberals criticize the French government for encouraging immigrants to assimilate to French culture.

许多自由主义者批评法国政府鼓舞移民接受法国文化的同化

Synonym

同义词:1. acculturate 2. ingest

astringent

adj. 1. able to tighten up 收敛性的2. harsh 严厉的

The nurse applied an astringent lotion to the wound before bandaging it.

在用绷带包扎之前,护士先在伤口上涂有收敛剂。

* bandage

包扎

Synonym

同义词:1. styptic 2. severe

circumspect

adj. cautious 谨慎的

The thief was so circumspect in his work that he never left a clue for the police to find him.

那个小偷作案时非常谨慎,从不会留下线索,让警方捉到他。

Synonym

同义词:discreet; attentive; vigilant

Antonym

反义词:heedless; rash;imprudent

constraint

n. use of force to direct others强迫;压迫

The police used constraint to keep angry soccer fans from rioting.

警方用强制的手段,来防止愤怒的足球迷发生骚乱。

Synonym

同义词:compulsion; repression; pressure

destitute

adj. very poor 极穷困的

Destitute farmers sent their children into town to beg for money or scraps of food.

穷困的农民将他们的孩子送到城里,去向人要钱或乞讨残羹剩饭。

Synonym

同义词:impecunious; impoverished; poverty-stricken

Antonym

反义词:opulent; prosperous

dissolute

adj. morally lax 放荡的;不道德的

Jack's newly gained riches corrupted him and led him to a dissolute lifestyle.

杰克最近获得的财富使他堕落,而过着放荡不羁的生活。

Synonym

同义词:abandoned; wanton; licentious

Antonym

反义词:chaste; virtuous

dissonance

n. combination of notes that are discordant 不和谐(音)

Modem compositions use dissonance to create a mood of anticipation or anxiousness.

现代的乐曲利用不和谐音,来创造期待或渴望的情境。

* anticipation

期待

Synonym

同义词:discord; disharmony

Antonym

反义词:concord; consonance; harmony

instigate

v. to cause to act 煽动;鼓励

An act of revenge killing by the rival gang instigated an all-out gang war in the neighborhood.

敌对帮派一次报复性的杀人行为,在这一带挑起全面的帮派火拼。

Synonym

同义词:actuate; incite; provoke

Antonym

反义词:restrain; suppress; discourage

perspicacious

adj. quick to judge and understand 敏锐的;有洞察力的

Detective Stuart was so perspicacious an investigator that she analyzed the clues and solved the mystery in no time.

司图亚特是个非常敏锐的侦察员,她分析线索,立即就解开了谜团。

* in no time

立刻

Synonym

同义词:shrewd; penetrating; discerning

perspicuous

adj. expressing or expressed clearly 明晰的

Dr. Green's perspicuous explanation of the situation made the situation clear to us.

格林博士清楚的解说,使我们明白整个情况。

Synonym

同义词:lucid

resonant

adj. resounding 回响的;共鸣的

In his mind, he heard her resonant voice singing softly as she did to their baby daughter.

在他的心里,他听到她轻柔的歌声在回响,就像她在对他们的小女儿哼唱一样。

Synonym

同义词:echoing; reverberating; vibrant

restitution

n. payment for damage 赔偿

Victims of the fire demanded restitution from the restaurant owner.

火灾的受害者向餐厅的所有人要求赔偿。

Synonym

同义词:reparation; compensation; indemnity

retrospective

adj. looking back at past events 回顾的

This program takes a retrospective look at Hollywood's most famous movies and actors.

这个节目对好莱坞最有名的电影和演员做了一次回顾。

Synonym

同义词:reminiscent

Antonym

反义词:anticipated

semblance

n. appearance 外观

Wearing an expensive suit with fancy leather shoes almost gave our little brother the semblance of maturity.

一身昂贵的西装和一双高档的皮鞋,使我们的小弟弟几乎有了成熟的模样。

Synonym

同义词:aspect; guise

similitude

n. 1. likeness 相似 2. comparison 比喻

The similitude of our discoveries seems to be more than mere coincidence.

我们的发现如此类似,似乎不只是巧合。

* coincidence

巧合

Synonym

同义词:1. analogy; resemblance 2. simile

Antonym

反义词:1. distinction

simulate

v. to pretend 伪装

 

n. simulation

Diane simulated her appreciation for the meal Bob had cooked, even though it tasted awful.

虽然很难吃,黛安还是假装她很喜欢鲍伯所做的菜。

Synonym

同义词:assume; disguise; feign; affect

solvent

adj. having enough money to pay debts 能偿债的

 

n. solvency

Due to recent losses, our company will not be solvent until the next quarter.

由于最近的损失,我们公司要到下一季才有能力偿债。

Antonym

反义词:bankrupt

sonorous

adj. having a full, deep sound 宏亮的

Michael's sonorous voice filled the concert hall during his rendition of "Ave Maria."

在演唱「万福玛利亚」时,麦可宏亮的声音充满了音乐厅。

* rendition

(歌曲等的)演唱;诠释

stigma

n. mark of shame or disgrace 耻辱;瑕疵

The stigma of his prison record followed him through the rest of his life.

坐过牢的前科记录带给他的耻辱伴随他终生。

Synonym

同义词:dishonor; stain; taint

stricture

n. severe criticism 严苛的批评

The school faculty's stricture of the principal led to his forced resignation.

学校教职员的批评迫使校长辞职。

Synonym

同义词:censure; animadversion

stringent

adj. strict 严格的

A majority of the precinct' s police officers were reprimanded for their lack of stringent enforcement of the law.

大多数管区的警员因为没有严格执法而受到遣责。

* precinct

管区

* reprimand

谴责

Synonym

同义词:demanding; severe; rigorous

Antonym

反义词:lax; flexible

transpire

v. to come to be known 泄露;为人所知

It transpired that George was actually a corporate spy and had been stealing company secrets for some time.

其实乔治是个商业间谍,窃取公司机密已有一段时间,这个消息已经传开。

Synonym

同义词:disclose; reveal; unfold

unison

n. agreement 和谐;一致

Their unison on how the problem should be solved was reached only after several hours of debate.

经过好几小时的辩论之后,对于如何解决这个问题,他们才取得一致意见。

Synonym

同义词:accord; concord; unity

Antonym

反义词:dissonance; disagreement

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