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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 03(单词带例句)

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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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abbreviate

v. to shorten 缩短

The professor asked the student to abbreviate the passages in his thesis that focused on the theory of evolution.

教师要求这位学生将他这篇专门探讨进化论的论文缩短。

Synonym

同义词:abridge; condense

Antonym

反义词:lengthen; extend

antebellum

adj. before the war 战前的;美国南北战争之前的

Many people have romanticized the antebellum South in America, as can be seen in the famous work, "Gone With the Wind."

许多人美化了南北战争前的美国南方,正如名作「飘」中可见。

* romanticize

美化;浪漫化

auspicious

adj. showing signs of future success 吉兆的

 

n. auspice

The high turnout for the opening night performance of the play was auspicious.

这出戏首晚演出便有很多观众前来,真是个吉兆。

* turnout

(集合用法)出席者

Synonym

同义词:favorable

Antonym

反义词:ill-omened; ominous

aviation

n. art or science of flying aircraft 航空;飞行

 

n. aviator

Amelia Earhart was an aviation pioneer and legend, breaking down barriers to female pilots.

爱蜜莉亚·鄂赫特是一位航空先驱,也是一位传奇人物,她冲破了禁止女性担任飞行员的樊篱。

barrage

n. barrier laid down by artillery file 弹幕

The bridge was held by the enemy, guarded by snipers who let loose a barrage of gunfire upon anyone attempting to cross.

那座桥被敌军占领,由狙击手防卫,他们用枪林弹雨阻止任何企图过桥的人。

* sniper

狙击兵

* let loose

放任;发射

barrister

n. (British) lawyer (英国)律师

The barrister masterfully pleaded his case and managed to have charges against his client dropped.

这位律师很有技巧地为他的案子辩护,设法将指控他的当事人的案件撤销。

* plead

辩护

* client

(律师的)委托人

bellicose

adj. warlike 好战的

Life in prison only served to feed his bellicose nature, rather than force him to reexamine his crimes.

牢狱生活只是助长了他好战的本性,而无法迫使他反省自己的罪。

Synonym

同义词:combative; militant; aggressive

Antonym

反义词:pacific; amicable

belligerent

adj. engaged in war; warlike 交战的;好战的

In the Great War England was among the belligerent powers.

英国在欧洲大战中是交战国的一个。

* escalation

扩大

Synonym

同义词:bellicose

bibliography

n. list of books 书目

Our professor required a bibliography including at least ten sources for out final papers.

教授要求我们在期末论文中,要包括至少十本参考书籍的书目。

bibliomania

n. craze for collecting books 藏书狂

I knew my teacher had bibliomania when I entered his office and saw thousands of books everywhere.

当我走进老师的办公室,看到数以千计的书,我就知道他酷爱藏书。

bibliophile

n. lover of books 珍爱书籍者

Although it is not a requisite for the position, most librarians are true bibliophiles.

虽然爱书不是当图书馆员的必备条件,但大部分图书馆员都是爱书者。

* requisite

必要条件

biochemistry

n. chemistry of living things 生物化学

Many advances in the field of biochemistry have left us with many ethical problems we could never have imagined thirty years ago.

生物化学领域的许多进步,使我们遭遇很多三十年前我们从未想到,有关伦理方面的问题。

* ethical

伦理的

biography

n. writing about a person's life 传记

Unauthorized biographies of celebrities' lives are popular with readers.

未经授权的名人生活传记,很受读者的欢迎。

* unauthorized

未经授权的

* celebrity

名人

Synonym

同义词:memoir

biology

n. study of living things 生物学

Trent went to Florida to study the biology and sociology of dolphins.

杜兰特到佛罗里达研究海豚的生物学及社会学。

breviary

n. book with prayers to be said daily by priests 每日祈祷书

Tucked in the flowing robes of the priest were his rosary and his breviary.

牧师飘拂长袍里塞满着他的念珠和祈祷书。

* tuck

塞进去

* rosary

念珠

cadence

n. musical movement 韵律;节奏

The slow cadence of the speaker's voice lulled many in the audience to sleep.

演讲者缓慢的声调,使许多听众昏昏欲睡。

* lull

平息;使入睡

Synonym

同义词:rhythm; intonation

capacious

adj. able to hold a lot 容量大的

 

n. capacity

Without capacious storage facilities, our company will never be able to warehouse that amount of machinery.

如果没有大容量的仓储设备,我们公司就无法储存那么多的机器。

* warehouse

储藏

Synonym

同义词:spacious; commodious

caption

n. title; heading 标题

The caption to the article is very misleading.

这篇文章的标题很容易误导读者。

casualty

n. accident; persons killed or injured in an accident 意外;(pl.)死伤人数

In the attack on the town there were no military casualties, but a large number of civilians lost their lives.

在攻击那个小镇时,军方没有伤亡,但却有许多百姓丧命。

decadent

adj. falling to a lower level 衰落的

The decadent reign of the Roman emperor finally ended in a revolt led by military leaders.

罗马皇帝衰落的统治,终因军事领袖带头叛变而结束。

* reign

统治

* revolt

反叛

Synonym

同义词:declining; decaying; deteriorating

Antonym

反义词:flourishing

decapitate

v. to remove the head 斩首

The French Revolution brought about the introduction of the guillotine, a device that could decapitate people quickly and efficiently.

法国大革命中开始使用断头台,这是一种能迅速有效地斩断人头的装置。

* guillotine

断头台

Synonym

同义词:behead

deciduous

adj. (of trees) losing their leaves annually 落叶性的

People in the United States flock to mountainous areas to enjoy the colorful leaves of deciduous trees in autumn.

美国人蜂拥至山区,观赏秋天落叶植物色彩缤纷的落叶。

intercept

v. to stop and catch between starting point and destination 拦截

A confidential memo to the president was intercepted by a reporter and broadcast on the evening news.

上呈总统的机密备忘录被一位记者拦截下来,并在晚间新闻中播出。

* confidential

机密的

* memo

便条;备忘录

Synonym

同义词:block; cut off

precept

n. wise saying 训诫;格言

My grandmother liked to repeat the precept, "A stitch in time saves nine."

我的祖母很喜欢这句格言:「及时的一针可节省九针,要未雨绸缪。」

Synonym

同义词:maxim; motto; doctrine

precipitate

v. 1. to throw downwards 掷下 2. to hasten 加速

Rampant exchange rate speculation precipitated the wild price swings in the stock market.

对于汇率的胡猜臆测,造成股市价格的大幅变动。

* rampant

蔓延的;猖狂的

* speculation

猜测

* swing

变动

Synonym

同义词:1. hurl 2. accelerate

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